Trimesters of Pregnancy at a Glance
The most likely reason as to why you are here on this page reading this article is because you are pregnant, so congratulations. You are about to embark on one of the most exciting journeys of your life, something that you need to be really prepared for. In the next nine months, you will undergo changes in many aspects, especially physically, emotionally, and mentally. This is why you should be fully aware of what happens and what these next nine months of your life entail.
During your first trimester, which runs up to the 12th or 13th week, you can will most likely deal with fatigue, acid reflux, nausea, and vomiting. Yes, it is not something that you would want to look forward to, but fortunately, there are several ways that you can counter these issues. One is to make changes to your diet and cut back on overly acidic, salty, and spicy foods. Eat smaller meal portions throughout the day and make sure that you keep yourself well hydrated. In the event that you do experience some bouts of nausea, ginger, such as in tea, as well as Doxylamine and Vitamin B6 can help.
It is also during this period that you should incorporate the consumption of multi-vitamins or pre-natal vitamins in your daily diet. Ensure that it is rich in folic acid as this compound has been found to help reduce the risks of birth defects. Swimming and brisk walking are ideal forms of low-impact exercises that you can perform during the first trimester.
The second trimester will bring relief to you, since by this time, you should be sleeping better and your energy levels will be somewhat restored. In addition, your bouts of vomiting and nausea will also decrease, and after some time, will completely stop. All in all, experts say that the second trimester is the pregnancy phase wherein expectant mothers usually feel the best.
By the time that your 16th week rolls in, make sure that you go to your doctor for your 2nd blood test. In between weeks 18 and 20, a routine screening ultrasound should be conducted, as this will be for inspecting the organs and the overall anatomy of your baby. On the 20th week, another visit will be scheduled; again, for a routine checkup. Week 24 will be the time for you to go through a glucose test so that your doctor can determine whether you have or at the risk of gestational diabetes.
Your visits to the doctor will increase by the third trimester. Starting from week 28 to week 36, you should pay your doctor a visit every couple of weeks. From week 36 to your time of delivery, the visits should be done once a week.
You should also expect this final trimester to be the time you will feel uncomfortable the most, which is mainly due to the weight you have gained, the swelling on your arms and legs, and the increased need for urinating. Insomnia can also develop and you may have a hard time walking and finding an optimal sleeping position.
Ultimately, the most important thing that you need to keep in mind during your entire pregnancy is to stay as healthy as possible. This can be achieved by regular exercises recommended by your doctor and by eating plenty of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and protein-rich foods such nuts, beans, and lean meat.