IUI or Intrauterine insemination is a form of fertility treatment not to be confused with IVF or in vitro fertilization. IUI is a procedure in which sperm is placed directly inside a woman’s uterus to help enable the fertilization of an egg. IUI is less costly than IVF, but also does not carry as great of odds for success. The general difference between IUI and IVF is that the sperm is still required to find the egg and fertilize it on its own. IUI basically improves the odds by cutting down on the amount of travel the sperm must perform.
Common reasons IUI is performed
– Low sperm count
– Sperm mobility issues
– Ejaculation problems
– Cervical mucus issues
– Cervical scar tissue
– General unexplained infertility
What is the IUI process like?
The procedure itself is very short, usually only taking a few minutes. A semen sample is collected and washed in order to separate it from the seminal fluid. The sperm will then be placed in the cervix via a catheter. In some cases fertility medication and ovulation stimulation medication will be given. This medication is usually given the weeks prior to ovulation. Fertility medication increases the odds of having multiples as it often results in multiple eggs reaching full maturity and being made available for fertilization.
What is the success rate for IUI?
This is not a simple answer as success rates differ based on many factors including the underlying problems that may be causing the difficulty with getting pregnant. Many clinics track and make their success rates public, so it is best to speak directly with a Doctor regarding the success rates for people that are dealing with similar fertility issues.